Chihuahuas are fairly low maintenance dogs. They don’t need their hair cut, and brushing them takes very little time. One thing they do need regularly however, is nail trims. Nail trims need to be done frequently to keep your pet healthy. Learning how to trim your chihuahua’s nails yourself can save you a lot of money, and also allow you to trim your pet’s nails frequently enough.
Long nails are uncomfortable, and can lead to arthritis, abnormal gait, and nails grown into the paw pad. Nails left too long can twist the paws into uncomfortable shapes and leave them permanently disfigured.
Ideally, you should cut your chihuahua’s nails weekly to keep them from ever causing your pet discomfort. This guide is designed to help walk you through the process, along with some additional tips to make it more comfortable for you and your pet.
Use the right tools
Proper nail trimming starts with having the right tools to do it with. While this article is strictly about clipping nails, I usually prefer to use a Dremel since it is faster. It is also safer, since it takes less nail off at a time. Clipping is best for when you have large amounts of nail to remove. It can also be used if your dog is afraid of the Dremel.
Items you’ll need:
- A high surface
Trimming your dog’s nails is easiest if you can both be standing. A kitchen counter or table works great for this if you don’t have a grooming table.
- Good lighting
You’re going to be looking for a tiny dot in the center of your tiny dog’s nails. Make sure you have enough light to really see the tip of your dog’s nail.
- Traction for your pet
Counters and tables are slippery! Your chihuahua will probably feel uncomfortable standing on three legs if they also feel like they’re on an ice skating rink. A cheap rubber backed rug can give your pet something to stand on and help them feel more confident.
- A set of kitten clippers
Dog nail clippers are huge and don’t really let you see what you’re doing when it comes to tiny chihuahua nails. Cat or rabbit nail clippers are better options for small dog nails. Choose a brand that is sharp, because dull clippers squeeze the nail and hurt your pet.
If you have both large and small dogs, or want to prioritize sharpness over size, the Millers Forge nail clippers provide the best overall balance between the two.
I shamelessly pay my pet for letting me clip their nails, and you should too. All my dogs line up to do the cha-cha when they see the groom tools out. They know they’ll have a non-stop feast of delicious treats as long as the nails are being cut.
It doesn’t hurt to make the process as pleasant as possible, especially since most dog’s find nail trims so unpleasant.
Creating the right spot and using the right tools will make the process safer and more comfortable for you both.
Holding your pet
Most of the pictures shown of dog’s getting their nails cut show the dog with a front paw pulled forward and the person facing the dog and cutting the nail. This is not the best position for cutting nails. The top of the nail tells you absolutely nothing about the quick.
Instead, stand your chihuahua on your high work surface, with his head tucked under your arm, and his butt facing away from you. This position gives several advantages. Your pet can’t see what you’re doing, which is usually a big relief for them, you can easily access all his feet without moving, and it’s easier to keep him from squirming away.
Pick up your dog’s foot and face the paw so the paw pad is up and you are looking at the underside of the nail. Try to keep the paw low to the ground so you don’t twist his hips or flex the leg up too high. (Remember, chihuahua’s are short!)
From this position, you can now easily clip your pet’s nails.
Cutting the nails
Using your clippers, cut a tiny amount off the tip of your dog’s nails. Examine the tip of the nail where you cut. What do you see? If the nail looks exactly the same but somewhat shorter, with no difference in color or texture, cut a shred more and so on, until you see a white, chalky interior.
Take your time as you reach this. You’re looking for a black spot for black nails, or a pink spot for clear nails, in the center of the cut area. Once you see the dot, stop! You’ve reached the quick.
Repeat on every nail until done. If you’re not sure where the quick is, cut very small amounts, 1/8th-1/4 of an inch (the smaller the better) off at a time.
Nail trims are easy when your pet holds perfectly still and doesn’t move, but of course, this usually doesn’t happen. If your pet doesn’t like nail trims, you may want to take your pet to a groomer for now, while desensitizing him to the clippers and foot handling at home.
You can help your chihuahua enjoy nail trims more by breaking up the process into tiny steps, and heavily rewarding each one. If your pet is very fearful, try getting the nail trimmers out when ever you feed them and put it next to the bowl. Show your pet the clippers and then feed them a treat.
When your pet is glad to see the clippers, move on to rewarding them for letting you touch the clippers to them in a ‘safe’ area (not their feet) and slowly move it down the leg.
Hands Free Option for Nail Trimming
Another option for your pet if they’re very afraid of having their nails done is to teach them to use a scratch board. While you will still have to trim their dew claws, trimming your dogs nails in this way means most of the nail trim is just a fun game to your dog.
We’ll go over how to condition your pets to truly love nail trims in a later article. For now, these tips should help you get through your first nail trim.
- What is the Alternative Cut Line?
- Review of oneisall Paw Pad Clippers
- How to Teach Your Dog to Use a Scratch Board
- Questions from a Dog Author
- Review of the Andis AGC2 UltraEdge